Unlike many other Middle East countries, Iran managed to remain independent throughout much of its history. The Bahai and Zoroastrian faiths originated in Iran. SinceIran is an Islamic Republic. It also borders on Afghanistan and Pakistan in the east, and Turkey to the west.
Shah exiled, Khomeini returns January - As the political situation deteriorates, the Shah and his family are forced into exile. They demand the extradition of the Shah, in the US at the time for medical treatment, to face trial in Iran.
His government begins work on a major nationalisation programme. This would later become known as the Iran-Contra affair. Ceasefire July - Iran accepts a ceasefire agreement with Iraq following negotiations in Geneva under the aegis of the UN.
On 4 June, President Khamene'i is appointed as new supreme leader. Major earthquake kills thousands June - A major earthquake strikes Iran, killing approximately 40, people.
US imposes sanctions - US imposes oil and trade sanctions over Iran's alleged sponsorship of terrorism, quest for nuclear arms, and hostility to the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. Mohammad Khatami Image caption Reformist Khatami: Isolated by conservative resurgence Reformist Khatami: Isolated by conservative resurgence Profile: Student protests July - Pro-democracy students at Tehran University demonstrate following the closure of the reformist newspaper Salam.
Clashes with security forces lead to six days of rioting and the arrest of more than 1, students. Liberals and supporters of Khatami wrest control of parliament from conservatives for the first time.
The lawyer and human rights campaigner became Iran's first female judge in but was forced to resign after revolution. The city of Bam is devastated. Conservative resurgence February - Conservatives regain control of parliament in elections.
Thousands of reformist candidates were disqualified by the hardline Council of Guardians before the polls. Supporter of Lebanese militia Iran is an ally of Lebanon's powerful Shia Muslim Hezbollah group Tehran says its support is moral, political Israel, US accuse Iran of supplying arms Group emerged in s with financial backing from Iran June - Iran is rebuked by the IAEA for failing to fully cooperate with an inquiry into its nuclear activities.
IAEA says Tehran has failed to suspend the programme.A chronology of key events in Iran's history, from the first Persian Empire to the present. - Iran is adopted as the country's official name. Revolution. Slightly larger than the US state of Alaska, Iran covers million square kilometers (, square miles).
Iran is a mountainous land, with two large salt deserts . Introduction - Iran and ancient Persia have a long, creative and glorious history. Unlike many other Middle East countries, Iran managed to remain independent throughout much of its history. Today, Iran has a population of about 70 million persons.
Principle ethnic groups are Persian 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7% and Arab 3%. Iran is a Muslim country, with 89% Shi'a and Iran, a mountainous, arid, ethnically diverse country of southwestern Asia.
Much of Iran consists of a central desert plateau, which is ringed on all sides by lofty mountain ranges that afford access to the interior through high passes. Most of the population lives on the edges of this forbidding, waterless waste.
Iran, a Middle Eastern country south of the Caspian Sea and north of the Persian Gulf, is three times the size of Arizona. It shares borders with Iraq, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Armenia, .
Introduction - Iran and ancient Persia have a long, creative and glorious history. Unlike many other Middle East countries, Iran managed to remain independent throughout much of its history. Today, Iran has a population of about 70 million persons. Principle ethnic groups are Persian 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7% and Arab 3%.