The subsample sizes ranged from 2, to 8, in increments of Therefore, to simplify reporting, the results presented in this study are averaged across the three samples.
Global Democracy for Europeans: A Demographic Story Authors: November You may download it by clicking on the icon to the left. Insofar as democracy is a product of long-term diffusion, scholars generally focus on colonialism especially English or religion especially Protestant.
We show that there is a persistent relationship between the share of Europeans in a society and its regime type. We conjecture that this is because Europeans viewed democracy as a basic right — for themselves.
It was a club that produced club goods excludable goods such as property rights and civil liberties. Hence, where Europeans were in the majority they were democrats.
Where they were the minority they were indifferent or hostile, or they embraced a restricted form of democracy that excluded non-Europeans. And where Europeans were entirely absent there was no one — at least initially — to carry the democratic torch.
To test this argument we assemble an original dataset measuring the diffusion of Europeans across the world from to the present. This is employed to predict democracy in a series of analyses that focus on various indicators of democracy and a variety of samples, specifications, time-periods, and estimators, including fixed effects and instrumental variables.
The evidence offers strong support for the thesis. I discuss and analyze the vast variation in development outcomes among autocracies, focusing on economic growth. Next, by analyzing data from more than polities and with time series extending back toI present descriptive patterns and tests corroborating that variation in growth — in the shorter and longer term, across and within countries — is higher among autocracies than democracies.
Finally, I assess the explanations for why some autocracies have higher growth than others. This exercise suggests that single-party autocracies have higher growth than personalist regimes and monarchies. Higher degrees of party institutionalization also correlate positively with growth.
I find several surprising negative and null results. Successful and Failed Episodes of Democratization: Conceptualization, Identification, and Description Authors: What explains successful democratization? Arend Lijphart's distinction between two dimensions of consensus and majoritarian democracy has been an influential concept.
However, several scholars have reported that the distinction does not travel well to other regions or historical periods. This paper argues, more generally, that Lijphart's dimensions can be replicated only when using Lijphart's own data.
If one substitutes conceptually similar indicators in this case, mostly from V-Demthree or four dimensions emerge, and they are not robust to different samples.
Such substitutions would be necessary for anyone wishing to measure Lijphart's dimensions beyond his chosen cases. It is hard to avoid the conclusion that these concepts are not generally useful.
However, it is possible to construct a couple of simple indices measuring thinner related concepts. Peace Above the Glass Ceiling: September You may download it by clicking on the icon to the left.Jun 12, · While just over 70 percent of Americans identify as Christian, how they view God's appearance varies according to their demographics and politics, a new study from a team of psychologists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill caninariojana.comtion: Christian Post Reporter.
Bias in Political Media Bias is defined as prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group in a way considered to be unfair.
Meet the Press is a weekly American news program known to be very non- bias. Political Bias Based on Demographic Region “The biases the media has are bigger than conservative or liberal.
They’re about getting ratings, about making money, about doing stories that are easy to cover. About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research.
Pew Research Center does not take policy positions.
Political Bias Based on Demographic Region specifically for you. for only $/page. Order Now. Media bias is a “term used to describe prejudice in news and media reports, in which it is perceived as an imbalance or unfair presentation of facts or selective reporting of which events or facts are reported.
” The main point here is when. This is the first in a four-part series on the "State of the States" to be released this week on caninariojana.com The series examines state-by-state differences in party affiliation, religiosity, consumer confidence, and employer hiring and letting go, based on Gallup Poll Daily tracking data collected throughout