Five Common Speech Disorders in Children You have determined that your child has more than just a speech delay, now what?
These stoppages, referred to as disfluencies, are often excessive and characterized by specific types of disfluency. These types of disfluencies include repetitions of sounds and syllables, prolongation of sounds, and blockages of airflow.
Individuals who Speech disorders in children are often aware of their stuttering and feel a loss of control when they are disfluent. Both children and adults stutterers expend an excessive amount of physical and mental energy when speaking.
Older children and adults who stutter show myriad negative reactive behaviors, feelings, and attitudes. These behaviors, referred to as "secondary behaviors," make the disorder more severe and difficult. Description Stuttering is a confusing and often misunderstood developmental speech and language disorder.
Before discussing stuttering, it is important to understand the concepts of speech fluency and disfluency. Fluency is generally described as the forward flow of speech. For most speakers, fluent speech is easy and effortless. Fluent speech is free of any interruptions, blockages, or fragmentations.
Disfluency is defined as a breakdown or blockage in the forward flow of speech, or fluency. For all speakers, some occurrence of disfluency is normal. For example, people may insert short sounds or words, referred to as "interjections," when speaking; examples of such are "um," "like," or "uh.
For young children, disfluency is a part of the normal development of speech and language, especially during the preschool years between the ages of two and five years. The occurrence of disfluency is not the same as stuttering, though stuttered speech is characterized by an excessive amount of disfluency.
The disfluencies produced by people who stutter will often be similar to those in the speech of individuals who do not stutter; however, certain types of disfluent behavior are likely to appear only in the speech of people who stutter. These disfluencies are sound and syllable repetitions i.
These behaviors, often referred to as stuttering type disfluencies, distinguish stuttered speech from nonstuttered speech. Unlike speakers who do not stutter, most people who stutter react negatively to their disfluencies.
A person may develop a number of physical reactions, including tension of the muscles involved in speech tongue, jaw, lips, or chest, for example and tension in muscles not related to speech such as shoulders, limbs, and forehead. In addition to these physiological reactions, people who stutter will often have negative emotional reactions to the disorder.
Among the emotions that people who stutter report are embarrassment, guilt, and frustration. Finally, many people who stutter will develop a number of negative attitudes and beliefs regarding themselves and speaking—because of their stuttering.
These may be negative attitudes and beliefs in certain speaking situations, with people with whom they interact, and in their own abilities.
These physiological, emotional, and attitudinal cognitive reactions to stuttering, described as secondary stuttering behaviors, are often very disruptive to the communication process and the person's life.
Stuttering behaviors can develop and vary throughout the life span. Sometimes, children will experience periods when the stuttering appears to "go away," only to return in a more severe pattern.
For those who continue to stutter during late childhood, adolescence, and into adulthood, stuttering can become a chronic problem. Lifelong efforts will be needed to cope successfully with the behavior. These problems might be secondary to factors inside the person symptoms of stuttering and outside the person society's attitudes toward stuttering and other barriers.
For example, many people who stutter report difficulties in social settings. Children who stutter often experience teasing and other social penalties.
Adolescents and adults also report a variety of social problems. Academic settings may be difficult for children who stutter because of the emphasis schools place on verbal performance. Finally, there appears to be some evidence that people who stutter might confront barriers in employment.
These barriers might take the form of inability to do certain tasks easily talking on the phone, for examplelimitations in job choices, and discrimination in the hiring and promotion processes. Causes and symptoms Though research has not identified a single cause, there appears to be several factors that are viewed as being important to the onset and development of stuttering.
Therefore, stuttering is often described as being related to multiple factors and having possibly multiple causes.
First, there is a genetic predisposition to stutter, as evidenced by studies of families and twins.Nov 21, · Muteness and abnormal speech patterns can also be caused by neurological disorders. In some cases, the area of the brain that controls speech may be malformed or speech organs may have developed improperly.
Muteness may also be the result of trauma. 5 Common Speech Disorders in Children: Articulation Disorder: An articulation disorder is a speech sound disorder in which a child has difficulty making certain sounds correctly.
Sounds may be omitted or improperly altered during the course of speech. Albuquerque Speech Language Hearing Center is a premier source for speech therapy programs. With nationally certified clinicians that are state licensed, patients can expect the best in care.
About Us. For over 28 years our professional bilingual licensed Speech-Language Pathologists at Children’s Speech Center, Inc. have been treating all types of speech and language disorders in children of all ages, ranging from newborns to adolescents.
Speech-language pathology, also known as communication sciences and disorders in the United States, is a fast-growing profession that, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, offers about , jobs in the United States alone. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) has , members, who are audiologists, speech-language pathologists, speech, language, and hearing.
Parent Support Groups for Children with Speech or Communication Difficulties. This is an annotated list of children's speech and communication support groups and listservs for parents.